Properties of Green Beech Tree (Fagus sylvatica).
Green Beech Tree (Fagus sylvatica) Is a Low maintenance, moderately fast growing, ideal Garden tree. The growth rate of a green beech tree is typically 1-2ft per year. Although the leaves turn to brown/golden in Winter, it will still retain a large percentage of the foilage over the Winter months. New growth in Spring will push off the older dead leaves.
The Leaves of a are oval in shape, pointed at the tip and lime green in colour. The beech plant turns darker in colour as the plant matures. Green Beech trees prefer a moist nutrient rich soil but will do well in most soil types making Copper and Green beech trees a popular choice with the Irish gardener.
Features of Green Beech (Fagus sylvatica) Trees
The stand out property of a Beech hedge is that it can be easily pruned. Pruning a beech hedge will encourage the hedge to become thicker and fuller, providing a more dense coverage. An attractive addition of trees, native or ornamental mixed in through a hedge enhances the overall aesthetic of all hedging in a garden. Trees such as Copper beech, Green Beech, Silver Birch trees, Mountain Ash trees or even Lime trees can add depth and volume to an established green beech hedge.
Benefits of Trees & Hedging to Biodiverstiy & Ecosystems.
Planting trees and hedges of any type, including green beech hedges in the garden is a great way to encourage biodiversity and preserve ecosystems. A hedge in the garden provides shelter and security for nesting birds, caterpillars, aphids and other insects. Beech hedges also act as a network for small animals to move around the garden and populate.
How & When to Plant your Green Beech (Fagus sylvatica) Hedge & Tree
Bare root Green Beech hedging plants and beech trees are typically sown as bareroot plants in the Winter months from November through to March. Plants of 2-3ft are the most popular size for hedging planting as the root systems are well developed and the plants are an ideal size for planting. Beech trees are available as a 5-6ft or 7-8ft option.
The first one or two years are the slowest with Beech hedging, but if kept clean and free from weeds, significant growth will be made in the later years. Annual maintenance, pruning and trimming of a beech hedge will encourage growth and thicken the hedge. Pruning and trimming is usually done in the Spring, before birds begin to build their nests again for the Summer months.
Tips & Tricks for your Green Beech Hedge & Trees
- Beech hedge plants are usually planted as bare root plants, at a frequency of 3 plants per metre roughly 1 foot apart and planted in a single row.
- Beech hedge plants can be planted in staggered double row with 5 plants per metre. Planting 5 plants per metre will give a thicker hedge over time.
- Keep the beech hedge clear of long grass and weeds in the first few moths to promote growth and a thicker, fuller hedge.
- Green Beech hedging plants should be watered if planted in late Spring and there is a period of drought in the proceeding months.
- When planting It is best to dig a trench 8-9 inches deep, breaking up and aerating the soil.
- Place the plants in the trench, covering the root system up to the collar of the plant. Shovel back in the soil and walk the plant in to anchor it in the ground.
- If windy weather follows the planting, walk in the plants every few days to anchor plants in the ground and ensure roots embed into the soil securely.
- You can view our video of how to plant bare root plants.
Type: Average to Fast Growing in nutrient rich moist soil
Status: Hardy in cold weather
Position: Sun or light shade